pope clement vii

In 1521, Clement’s efforts led to an alliance between the pope and the new emperor, Charles V, whose candidacy Leo had opposed. Henry, … Reconciliation occurred only when Clement, still largely at the mercy of Charles, came to the conclusion that the Reformation in Germany and the threat of war with Ottoman forces were greater threats to them than each other. Corrections? Although he was a member of the wealthy Medici family, Clement VII was reported to be a personally devout and serious-minded pope. An illegitimate son of Giuliano de’ Medici (not to be confused with Giuliano de’ Medici, duc de Nemours, his cousin), he was reared by his uncle Lorenzo the Magnificent. Though he was a prospect for the pontificate when Leo died in 1521, Clement lost the election to Hadrian VI, the former Adrian Florensz and bishop of Utrecht. Pope Clement VII (26 May 1478 – 25 September 1534), born Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, was a cardinal from 1513 to 1523 and was Pope from 1523 to 1534.. He was primarily seen as a Renaissance prince preoccupied with Italian politics and the advancement of his family, the Medici. Death and character. He sent Lorenzo Campeggio as papal legate to the 1524 diet in Nuremberg so the cardinal could support Charles’s Edict of Worms, which had made Luther an outlaw in the empire. Clement eventually named Trent as the site for a future council, but he continued to delay its convocation. Francis opposed such a council, and Clement was continually prevented from action on the urgent need for reform. This time Clement was the candidate favored by Charles and the cardinals selected him on November 19, 1523. The future Clement VII was a well-respected man in Rome. He gravely underestimated the depth and the dangers of his unpopularity in Germany, and the Reformation found the papacy psychologically unprepared for a radical and permanent rejection of its authority. In 1598 Pope Clement won still more credit for the papacy by bringing about a definite treaty of peace between Spain and France in the Treaty of Vervins and between France and Savoy. Clement soon thereafter died on September 25, 1534 and was buried in Santa Maria sopra Minerva. In 1523 he was elected to succeed Adrian VI. When his cousin was made Pope Leo X, young Giulio was made cardinal of Florence. The future Clement VII was a well-respected man in Rome. Beyond these prominent public failings, Clement generally represents the last of the Renaissance popes before the era of the Counter Reformation that began with the Council of Trent under Paul III. Pope Clement VII. 92.PC.25. Pope Clement VII is one of the legendary Renaissance Popes, coming from the House of Medici and the pope under whom Henry VIII established the English Church. Omissions? It also effectively made Clement a prisoner in Castle Sant’ Angelo for the next six months. Both England and France named him cardinal protector to defend their interests in the curia. AKA Giulio de Medici. Like the preceding popes Alexander VI, Julius II, and Leo X, Clement appeared to his contemporaries primarily as a Renaissance prince preoccupied with Italian politics, the patronage and enjoyment of Renaissance culture, and the advancement of his family, the Medici. Giulio de’ Medici was born a few months after the death of his father, Giuliano, who was slain at Florence in the disturbances which followed the Pazzi conspiracy. Despite the fiscal constraints left him by the exhausted papal treasury of his cousin, Clement remained a patron of Renaissance art and letters, supporting the Florentine historian Francesco Guicciardini, the famed political thinker Nicolo Machiavelli, and artists Michelangelo and Raphael. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When Leo rose to the pontificate in 1513, he named Clement archbishop of Florence through a dispensation from canonical restrictions against illegitimate children attaining ecclesiastical office. Pope Clement VII. His intelligence was of a high order, though his diplomacy was feeble and irresolute. Clement VII, POPE (GIUNTO DE’ MEDICI), b. Clement VII (Latin: Clemens Septimus; 26 May 1478 – 25 September 1534), born Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church. The artifact presented here is a document signed prior to Clement VII’s pontificate. He was made archbishop of Florence and cardinal in 1513 by his cousin Pope Leo X, whose political policies he influenced. In this image, Urban VI sits at the right, and Clement VII sits at the left, flanked by his supporters. Between 1562 and 1598, France was afflicted with civil wars between His reign was dominated by the spread of the Protestant Reformation, the conflict between France and the Empire, and the divorce of Henry VIII of England. It allows you to forgive unforgivable actions done towards you. The last stand of the Swiss Guard allowed Pope Clement VII time to escape the Vatican, and it weakened and demoralized the mutineers to such an extent that they could not hold the city. Since Clement was at the time still imprisoned by Charles, he reserved judgment on the matter. Clement VII would have been remembered as one … The holder of numerous church offices, he was made cardinal in 1585 by Pope Sixtus V and elected pope as Clement VIII on Jan. 30, 1592. Era: 1523-1534. Charles eventually recessed the 1526 Diet of Speyer by suspending the edict, thereby allowing Protestantism more time to grow. Clement’s religious and political timorousness was most exemplified by his handling of the Anne Boleyn affair. Unlike his predecessor, who had eagerly sought a council, Clement resisted it despite pressure from Charles. Hadrian died unexpectedly less than two years after his elevation, leading to a protracted fifty-day conclave to determine his replacement. He named his cousin Archbishop of Florence and a Cardinal in 1513. The Act of Supremacy followed (November 1534), making the king of England head of the English church. As were the pontiffs mentioned, Clement was financially unsystematic and extravagant. In 1309, he moved the Holy See to the city of Avignon (which was actually owned by the king of Sicily), right on Phillip’s back doorstep. Updates? When Leo X died in 1521, Cardinal de' Medici helped get Adrian IV elected pope. Clement VII (Latin: Clemens Septimus; 26 May 1478 – 25 September 1534), born Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church.He was the 220th Pope from 1523 to 1534. Season 1. He was released in December 1527, but fled the city to reside in Orvieto and Viterbo until October 1528. Johannes Bugenhagen. Left Behind - (Mentioned) Count Vincent asked where the glasses with the golden rims from Pope Clement were.. Queen Catherine talks about her childhood, and how Pope Clement VII was the one to save her when … Although his uncle had planned a military career for him, Giulio de' Medici was interested in a life in the clergy. Pope Clement VII (Giulio de’ Medici) was the nephew of Lorenzo the Magnificent. He supported Charles in the fighting that ended in the Battle of Pavia (February 24, 1525), during which Francis was taken prisoner. In their verdict upon the character of Pope Clement VII almost all historians are agreed. Later that year, Leo would elevate him to cardinal of Santa Maria Dominica by declaring the betrothal between Giuliano and his mistress legitimate. There the future Clement would be raised alongside his cousin, the future pope. Leo appointment him papal vice-chancellor in March 1517 and in May 1519 made him papal legate to Tuscany, where he governed Florence. He furthered angered Charles in 1525 by joining the League of Cognac with France, Milan, Florence, and Venice. The new peace was confirmed when the pope crowned Charles at Bologna in February 1530—the last pope to so crown an emperor. Bunson noted that he served as an advisor to both his cousin, Pope Leo X, and to his successor, … Roman Catholic Pope, 1523-34. His indecisiveness allowed the Protestant revolt to grow, which was nurtured further by Henry’s eventual split from Rome. His father, Giuliano de' Medici, was assassinated in the Pazzi Conspiracy. Together with his cousin, Leo X, he represented nearly twenty years of Medici governance in Rome and he stood in stark contrast to his more reform-minded predecessor, Adrian VI, and successor, Paul III. Clement’s position was weakened in 1526, when the French lost to Charles’s forces at Pavia, leading to the imprisonment of Francis himself. He was born in Florence one month after his father's death. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Clement-VII-pope, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Pope Clement VII, Luminarium Encyclopedia - Biography of Clement VII. Pope Clement VII was also known as: Giulio de' Medici Pope Clement VII is noted for: Failing to recognize and deal with the significant changes of the Reformation.Indecisive and in over his head, Clement's inability to stand strong against the powers of France and the Holy Roman Empire made an unstable situation worse. Pope Clement VII (26 May 1478 25 September 1534), born Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 19 November 1523 to … In life, special circumstances let you see the truth. Pope John XII (955 to 964) Attaining the title of pope at age 18, John XII was quickly deemed lazy … The protracted affair led to England’s decision to forge religious independence from Rome and eventually to accept the Reformation. Having previously served as the Archbishop of Florence, he took charge of the papacy during a very delicate situation, right after the end of the Italian Renaissance. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Giulio served the new pope as he had Leo X, and when Adrian died in 1523, Giulio was elected, taking the name Clement VII. 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