Farm-gate production costs of sweet sorghum as a bioethanol feedstock. The palatability of bagasse and stripped leaves to cattle was investigated by incorporation of the distillery residues of one sweet sorghum variety into a commercial feed block, replacing the traditionally used (non sweet) sorghum stover. CANDABA, Pampanga, PhilippinesâTest farming of sweet sorghum in the last six years showed crop production in the Philippines to be 50 percent higher than in India, increasing the cropâs potential as a source of food, fodder and fuel in local communities, according to a top crop scientist. Sweet sorghum (SS) is a multifunctional crop. Being a water-use efficient crop, sweet sorghum has the potential to be a good alternative feedstock for ethanol production. It also delves into the state-of-the-art on its R&D, multilocation trials conducted across the country, screening â¦ Adding 4% fat (to each grain ration). Sorghum is suitable for human consumption and the grain can easily be processed into flour and starch, ... Over the past decade, world sorghum production has risen from 60 to 65 million metric tons (US Grains Council 2013) with the United States, Argentina and Australia as top exporters, accounting to 93 to 97 percent of total world exports. The response of ICSV 93046 to six fertilizer treatments viz., T1 (control: 80 kg N ha−1 and 40 kg P2O5 ha−1); T2 (designed fertilizer from a commercial source); T3 (N + P with Zn and B soil application); T4 (N + P with Zn and B soil application); T5 (N + P with foliar application of 0.1 % sodium borate and T6 (N + P with foliar application of 0.5 % ZnSO4 and 0.1 % sodium borate) was evaluated during the post-rainy season (December–March, 2009–2010) as main (plant) crop and during summer season (April–July, 2010) as ratoon crop. Research with grain sorghum often involves sampling several times during the growth cycle. This study also revealed that SSCS could be a potential health and nutritious beverage as its powder provides energy from carbohydrates and protein, is low in fat particularly saturated fat, contains essential fatty acids, and has dietary fiber. Color analysis of the flours revealed that TDSF has the lightest color (L * value of 88.61), followed by UDSF, BDSF and USF, respectively. Maria, Ilocos Sur; and Sto. required to generate feedstocks to produce bio-fuels to meet projected demand without compromising food/fodder security in besides the role of ICRISAT in sweet sorghum research, development and In the Philippines, sweet sorghum has been proven to be a technically and economically viable alternative feedstock for bioethanol production. The plant will be operational by November 2008. Prospects of enhancing the genetic potential of sweet sorghum through various plant breeding strategies are discussed. Acceptability, nutritional, and potential health values of sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] coffee substitute: Agricultural Residue Feedstock Selection for Polyhydroxyalkanoates Production using AHP-GRA, Mining Genetic Diversity of Sorghum as a Bioenergy Feedstock, Effect of Micronutrient Treatments in Main and Ratoon Crops of Sweet Sorghum Cultivar ICSV 93046 Under Tropical Conditions, Sweet sorghum for biofuel and strategies for its improvement, Application GGE biplot and AMMI model to evaluate sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) hybrids for genotype × environment interaction and seasonal adaptation, Blümmel M, Rao SS, Palaniswami S, Shah L and Reddy BVS. of information on the genesis and progress of sweet sorghum research In the Philippines, sugarcane is considered a primary source for ethanol production. By Jackie Linden | July 5, 2019. This study includes these additional costs and reevaluates sweet sorghum as a biocommodity feedstock. The most active countries have strong biofuels programs including Brazil and the Philippines. This investigation was carried out in order to evaluate changes in biomass, carbohydrates, and calculated ethanol yield (CEY) from anthesis to 40 days after anthesis (DAA) of five sweet sorghum (Sorghum biocolor (L.) Moench) cultivars with a crop cycle length of 111–165 days in Beijing (39°56′N, 116°20′E). Furthermore, the process for residue conversion was based on particular design assumptions, and other technologies could enhance competitiveness while considerations such as perceived risk could impede applications. Key properties of different types of diets vis a vis livestock feed. Sweet sorghum is a multipurpose biofuel feedstock that offers grain for human consumption, fodder for livestock and ethanol for transportation purposes. The present findings suggest that the three products have different potential applications and are suitable for making sauces, thickeners and pastries. development, growth of the local breeding program besides the process A total of eight harvest-transport-processing options are modeled, including 4-row self-propelled and 2-row tractor-pulled forage harvesters, two different modes of in-field transport, fresh processing, on-farm ensilage and at-plant ensilage. The plantation, agronomic performance, and actual bioethanol production of sweet sorghum have been evaluated on different plantation sites nationwide. also discussed. The gelatinization temperature range of sorghum flour was found to be 63°C - 77°C while sorghum starch was in the range of 61°C - 71°C. Based on detailed studies of grain sorghum hybrids of different maturities, the following ten stages of development have been defined and illustrated: emergence, three-leaf, five-leaf, growing-point, differentiation, final leaf visible in whorl, boot, half-bloom, soft dough, hard dough, and physiological maturity. However, it was suggested that small farmers adopt a cropping system which rotates sweet sorghum with pigeon peas at a ratio of 3:1. Humanity already possesses the fundamental scientific, technical, and industrial know-how to solve the carbon and climate Five out of the eight varieties of sweet sorghum bred by ICRISAT and brought into the country for field testing have been found to thrive well under Philippine conditions. According to the Celiac Sprue Association, it is an appropriate and gluten-free flour substitute. The sweet sorghum has been proven to be technically and economically viable alternative feedstock for bioethanol production in the Philippine setting. The sweet sorghum coffee substitute (SSCS) was made by combining different roasting time of the grains (50, 60, and 70 min) at 226±5 o C, powder to water ratio (16 g/250 mL -1 , 24 g/250 mL -1 ), and brewing time (3 and 6 min). Monte Carlo simulation and sensitivity analysis are used to account for system variability and compare scenarios. It has an estimated average â¦ © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. It that can be cultivated for simultaneous production of grain for food or feed, and utilisation of juice from stalk in production of value-added products like syrup and ethanol. Thus, a flexible plant capable of making both sugar and fuel-ethanol from the juice is recommended. Juice extract yields from the stems were not significantly related to grain yields. It is a multipurpose crop, yielding food in the form of grain and fuel in the form of ethanol from its stem juice. by banana pseudostem and sugarcane bagasse. The results showed that roasting time of the grains had a significant effect on the sensory characteristics and acceptability of the SSCS brew while powder to water ratio and brewing time have no effect. Cellulose and hemicellulose contents at anthesis varied between 205–277 g kg−1 and 187–232 g kg−1, respectively, and were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than either 20 DAA or 40 DAA. Reducing the use of non-renewable fossil energy reserves together with improving the environment are two important reasons that drive interest in the use of bioethanol as an automotive fuel. Related studies such as economic and life cycle analyses, as well as process improvement, may also be incorporated with the results of this study to provide comprehensive information on selecting a suitable feedstock for sustainable PHA production. Evaluation of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) used for bio-ethanol production in the context of optimizing whole plant utilization. It also delves into the state-of-the-art on its R&D, In his overview of the sweet sorghum industry in the Philippines, Dr. Layaoen shared that Ilocos Norte is the ideal place for planting sweet sorghum because of its long dry season. ICRISAT-bred sweet sorghum hybrid ICSSH 58 (ICSA 731 x ICSV 93046). Previous research, however, did not include costs associated with off-farm transportation, storage, or capital costs associated with milling and energy recovery equipment that are required to provide FC suitable for biological conversion. It will serve as an important source of In general terms, the production of ethanol from the hemicellulose and cellulose in bagasse was more favorable than burning it to make power, but the relative merits of making ethanol or sugar from the juice was very sensitive to the price of sugar in China. It has found limited use, however, because of poor post-harvest storage characteristics and short harvest window in cooler climates. Sweet sorghum plantation in the Philippines. Sweet sorghum has caught the attention of researchers, farmers Sweet sorghum can help meet the country's fuel needs without compromising our food supply," said Dr. William D. Dar, director general of the India-based International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), the international R&D center that brought the crop the Philippines. Often these bear little or no actual relationship to the morphological or physiological age or status of the plant.Although certain stages of sorghum growth are fairly well established, the growth cycle of sorghum has not been fully described. It has high positive energy balance, producing about 8 units of energy for every unit of energy invested in its cultivation and production, roughly equivalent to sugarcane but four times more than for corn. For one, the San Carlos Bioenergy, Inc. in San Carlos City, Negros Occidental is setting up a bioenergy processing plant, for which sweet sorghum will be considered as one of the feedstocks. It is rapidly gaining popularity. Additionally, conversion efficiency was ranked first in terms of the overall weights of all the criteria, followed by cellulose content and processing cost. The color of the flour has an impact on sensory perception and was observed that the darker the flour, the more it becomes undesirable. Written by highly experienced scientists from ICRISAT, MMSU and Usually sorghum with over 8 °BX of sugar in the juice is called sweet sorghum. Three products were made from Philippine grown sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) grains namely: flour, unmodified starch and acid-modified starch. Bright Future? Based on the results, it was identified that the feedstock composition criterion was given a higher weight over the economic criterion. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology. The production of the sorghum grains exceed the yield/hectare/year of rice since it can be planted in 3 cropping seasons as compared to rice's 2 cropping seasons. Moreover, SSCS powder contains phytochemicals, such as phenols particularly flavonoids, which contribute to its high antioxidant activity. Transportation costs are found to be significant ranging from $33 to $71 Mg (-1) FC, with highest costs associated with at-plant ensilage scenarios. Transactions of the ASABE 51(2), 603-613) indicates that fermentable carbohydrates (FC) can be produced at less expense from sweet sorghum than from corn grain. There were no significant differences in average daily gain or feed efficiency among pigs fed sorghum, corn, or wheat with no added fat; and adding 4 % fat to, Bright Future? Aboveground dry weight (AGDW) and total soluble sugar yield (TSSY, 1.3–10.5 t ha−1) increased with time after anthesis and with crop cycle length. The sweet sorghum hybrid â called SSH 104 â is rich in sugar that can be easily converted into ethanol. The results show that wheat and soybean futures prices and lagged acreage are important factors in the decision to plant wheat acreage, whereas grain sorghum and corn prices are not. Pigs fed wheat with 4% fat added showed The greatest improvement in daily gain and feed efficiency. Copyright © . crop research and development, and bio-fuels production. Reddy, B V S and Layaoen, H and Dar, W D and Srinivasa Rao, P and Eusebio, J E Total CEY from the carbohydrates increased with time after anthesis and with crop cycle length, ranging between 4867 and 13032 L ha−1 on 40 DAA during the two years. The objective of this study was to develop an acceptable, nutritious, and healthful coffee substitute from sweet sorghum grains. Both the developed and developing countries have developed a range Although Cellulose and hemicellulose yields changed between 1.6 and 6.6 t ha−1 from anthesis to 40 DAA. Conversion of sugar and starch to ethanol has been proven at an industrial scale in Brazil and the United States, respectively, and this alcohol has been able to compete with conventional gasoline due to various incentives. worldwide interest in the production and use of bio-fuels. Every element in this portfolio has passed beyond Overview Sweet sorghum is similar to grain sorghum but accumulates sugary juice in its stalk. This will result in a harvest period of around two months until grain maturity of the late cultivars for ethanol production in North China. These stages are suggested as standards to describe the timing of sampling or treating sorghum. Economies of scale benefit larger milling equipment and boiler systems reducing FC costs by more than 50% when increasing annual plant capacity from 37.9 to 379 million liters. Excellent genetic and genomic resources exist for improvement of sorghum as a bioenergy source. Sweet sorghum seeds being formally handed over to Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, President of the Philippines, by APJ Kalam, President of India. In the Philippines, San Carlos Bioenergy has produced its first batch of ethanol from sweet sorghum in their San Carlos City plant. Differences in in vitro digestibility of bagasse plus stripped leaves were also substantial, ranging from 39.3 to 49.1% in hybrids and from 42.0 to 50.4% in varieties. developing countries. On the island of Mindanao in the Philippines, production of sorghum is being trialed to supplement domestic corn for livestock feeds, and tests are also underway to improve soybean cultivation. and abiotic stresses, breeding, agronomic management, post-harvest Despite relatively high transport costs, seasonal, fresh processed sweet sorghum is found to produce FC at costs competitive with corn grain derived FC. It can also be used to make alcoholic beverages, flour, flatbread and snack foods. The National Sweet Sorghum Program (NSSP) is consolidating investments for a 500 to 1,000-hectare land for sweet sorghum as bioethanol feedstock which has a â¦ Therefore, a standard set of growth stages needs to be defined. In this article, we discuss the potential benefits of bio-fuels in The potential of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) as substitute to durable petroleum-based plastics is currently explored because of its biodegradability and satisfactory properties. years and limit atmospheric CO2 to a trajectory that avoids a doubling of the preindustrial concentration. MANILA, Philippines â The Department of Agriculture (DA) wants to propagate sweet sorghum, a grain crop used as raw material for feeds, amid tight â¦ Sweet sorghum is related to grain sorghum but has been developed for greater production of sugar and biomass (Figure 1). Sweet Sorghum in the Philippines: Status and Future. The hybrids exhibited higher TSSY, cellulose, hemicellulose and grain yield, and therefore also CEY than the inbred cultivars with a similar crop cycle length. no element is a credible candidate for doing the entire job (or even half the job) by itself, the portfolio as a whole is Sweet sorghum seeds being formally handed over to Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, President of the Philippines, by APJ Kalam, President of India. Sweet Sorghumâs Advantages Sweet sorghum in India costs $1.74 to produce a gallon of ethanol, compared with $2.19 for sugarcane and $2.12 for corn. 2004, sweet sorghum was successfully introduced and tested in the Philippines. Sorghum is also suitable for human consumption and the grain can be processed into flour and starch, ... Also, the improved varieties exceed the yield/ hectare/year (approximately 3-7 T ha -1 ) of rice since it can be planted in 3 cropping seasons as compared to 2 cropping season of rice. 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