why did pope gregory think that cats were evil?

Since the reign of Gregory, folks at the time had taken a disliking for cats, especially the black ones. In the course of describing the actions of groups engaging in devil worship, the claim was made that black cats were used in the rituals and the devil was likened to a cat. Before you accuse me of clickbait, hear me out. designs at: Threadless.com and Zazzle, Why Cats Were (Wrongly) Blamed for the Black Plague in Europe, BELIEVE: Long Live Chairman Meow Propaganda Poster (Buy! Also check out our recent Vistaprint business cards review! In the 13th Century a wave of anti-cat sentiment swept through Europe, with religious leaders labeling cats as evil and “diabolical,” including Pope Gregory IX who did so in 1232 AD. How then could he have impacted the good people of the 1300’s? He appointed a High Inquisitor, Conrad of Marburg, to investigate claims that groups of witches were organizing satanic rituals and threatening the sanctity of the faith. Like most diseases, we’re hard pressed to find the bad guy. Denmark’s Fastelavn held at the start of lent was based on … It was one of the most deadly pandemics in history. He was born Ugolino di Conti but took the name Gregory when he became the pope. We know there was a massive reduction in cat populations at the time because of this, so it’s plausible to make the connection. One example is the idea that Catholic fear drove people, including Pope Gregory, to wipe out cats, which resulted in a population explosion among plague-infected rodents, thus leading to the Black Death. Keep in mind that Chairman Meow iz not targeting religion, ceiling cat forbid ,but shedding light on human nature to digest and follow institutional dogma. With Halloween is around the corner, Chairman Meow is reminded of a time hundreds of years ago when similar institutional dogma helped fuel the outbreak of The Black Plague across Europe, leading to the (ignorant) mass killing of cats in the 14th century. During these witch trials, a woman even testified in court that cats spoke to her, and threatened to hurt her if she didn’t abuse children in the town. Gregory IX Approving the Decretals. Many of these rodents had fleas that carried diseases including the Black Plague. Cats are natural hunters. According to the Wikipedia source, Pope Gregory IX released a papal bull around 1232, titled Vox in Rama (Latin, “A voice in Rama”), that condemned a contemporary surge in devil worship. Since the reign of Gregory, folks at the time had taken a disliking for cats, especially the black ones. There were probably several strains of plague spreading through Europe. Black Cats as Witches’ Familiars. Cats are extremely convenient scapegoats thanks to their link to witchcraft and evil. Some historians have forgiven the rats. The last known Cathar was burned at the stake in 1321 CE. Many superstitions, including fear of black cats, continue to this day. Actually, the murder of cats in Europe continued for hundreds of years, and another Plague swept through Europe again in the 17th Century. (along with other predators including snakes, which had long since carried the label of being “evil”). The truth is a little messy. This persecution was so savage that some scholars believe that by the 1300’s, Europe’s cat numbers were sufficiently depleted to prevent them efficiently killing rats and mice- thus allowing the bubonic plague to spread. But, was it because of cats and rats? We have donated over $1000 to cat rescue so far! “Pope Urban VI, who complained that he did not hear enough screaming when Cardinals who had conspired against him were tortured.” 5. However, Pope Gregory IX declared that cats were «diabolical creatures» in the early thirteenth century, and it is said that this resulted in a massacre of cats in the whole of Europe. By Gregory’s decree, there was a target on the head of every black cat. That was the first church document condemning black cats as instruments of satan. *More about Chairman Meow. Chairman Meow Says: Iz so awful that such a time occurred in our history. TIL That Medieval Pope Gregory IX considered cats to be the 'incarnation of Satan'. If they were dumb, then that means we’re comparatively smart. Cats were seen as “agents of the devil,” throughout much of history, and slaughtered again centuries later in New England during the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. By the way, regarding NFP, (which I did not mention, nor Pope Gregory) I think a lot of people think of it as a formal teaching of the Church. Costs of living dropped. Pope Innocent III approved a war of genocide against the Cathars. This declaration led to the mass murder of cats which led to a drastic rise in the rat population. ABOVE: Illustration of Pope Gregory IX, author of the Vox in Rama, from a manuscript from c. 1482 containing a collection of his decretal letters. This is a cautionary tale to all you cat haters out there. The truth of the plague variations that wiped out Europe is, they were the results of a perfect storm. In the year 1232, Catholic Pope Gregory IX decreed in his Vox in Rama that the black cat is the “incarnation of Satan.” Where he got this idea is unclear, but his opinion carried a lot of weight and resulted in centuries of fear of black cats in Europe. Without them, pests would run wild, and not just rats. Obviously, everything Pope Gregory IX says in this letter sounds incredibly bizarre and salacious—at least to modern readers who are unaccustomed to hearing stories about the alleged debaucheries engaged in by heretics. The reputation of the cat took a more serious downward turn, however, after Pope Gregory IX (1227-1241 CE) issued his papal bull known as Vox in Rama in 1233 CE denouncing cats as evil and in league with Satan, cats - and especially black cats - were demonized to the point where they were regularly killed all across Europe. Sweet Home Alabama Lyrics: What Does “Muscle Shoals Has Got the Swampers” Mean. There are many variables to navigate to make this assertion, but it doesn’t look good for Gregory. Pope condemning black cats, a caricature (Image: museumhack.com) In 1233 AD, Pope Gregory IX, head of Catholic church, declared black cats to be an incarnation of the Devil himself. Some accounts of this papal bull declare black cats to be an incarnation of the devil; others claim the pope was simply describing the use of black cats in evil rituals. BELIEVE: To the Cosmos! Indeed the belief that the torture or killing of cats could break spells continued across northern Europe. I see it rather more as a concession that is permissible as the Church says “for serious reasons” It is permissible because it accesses what God has provided rather than barriers etc. While Gregory denied the charge, the work of the Dominicans among heretics in northern Italy, many of whom were leagued with Frederick’s supporters, did provide a foundation for imperial fears. Gregory based his theory on “evidence” from Conrad of Marburg, a papal inquisitor. Pope Gregory IX(1145–1241) kicked off centuries of bad times for the black cat when he declared in the early 13th century that Lucifer was half-cat. 1227: Pope Gregory IX established the Inquisitional Courts to arrest, try, convict and execute heretics. His condemnation of cats may not be responsible for the spread of black death, but it’s definitely connected to the decline in cat populations at the time, and the proliferation of rat populations. Eventually, the Italian Renaissance would put this so far in the rearview, all we could think about was frilly collars. The cats play into the picture as they would have normally been instrumental in cutting down the rat populations. The mass murder of cats was not the only cause of the Black Plague, but it removed a crucial natural predator of the flea-carrying rats that spread the disease. ), Toxoplasmosis: How Cat Poop Can Turn You Into a Crazy Cat Lady (or Gentleman). Let’s see if the math adds up…. Since that time, black cats have symbolized bad luck, or a curse, to people not only in Europe but throughout the world. Vox in Rama: Pope Gregory IX on the Witches of Stedingerland (1232) [Introductory note: The decretal letter Vox in Rama (“A Voice in Rama”) of Pope Gregory IX (1227-41) is addressed to Henry, King of Germany and son of the Emperor Frederick II. As hysteria increased, the rat population boomed and the Black Plague began to spread out of control. In the 13th century, Pope Gregory IX, pope from 1227-1241, believed that cats actually carried the spirit of Satan himself within them. As people began to get sick and the Black Plague began spreading, more and more cats were killed. Around 1233, Pope Gregory IX issued a papal bull, Vox in Rama, that condemned a contemporary surge in devil worship. In 1484, Pope Innocent VIII declared that the cat was the “devil’s favorite animal and idol of all witches.” I am sure you can see where this is going. They catch cockroaches, snakes, and scorpions too. Home » chairman meow wisdom » Why Cats Were (Wrongly) Blamed for the Black Plague in Europe. It was largely in the Middle Ages that the black cat became affiliated with evil. Gregory's decree spurred a violent purging of cats, and black cats suffered the brunt. By removing many cats from the food chain, the population of rodents began to rise across Europe, as Asian and other foreign ships carrying rats brought them to European harbors. The exact relevance of this has been questioned by some experts, but it is true that this century gave rise to the beginning of a difficult era for cats. Did Pope Gregory’s comfort with the law cause him to overstep his station as the pope? Unfortunately, modern DNA testing allowed us to dig into the causes of death from aging corpses. Gregory lived from 1145 to 1241, AD. Did Martha Washington Name Her Cat After Alexander Hamilton? The Black Death or Black Plague was the original zombie apocalypse. If you survived, you lost many people you loved. The truce between Gregory and Frederick II was severely strained in 1235 by imperial accusations that the Pope had been working with the Lombards of northern Italy to undermine imperial influence. You wouldn’t hate that, would you? We’ve discovered that the two diseases were one and the same, spread by contact, not the air. 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